Halal is an Arabic term which translates literally to “permissible” and refers to a set of rules in Islam dictating permissible and forbidden activities, often involving food and drink. In order for meat to be considered halal, the animal must be slaughtered in a way that adheres to certain strict guidelines, or else it is deemed “haram” or unlawful. As Islam is the second largest religion in the world, the halal product market is expected to grow from 45.3 billion U.S. dollars in 2016 to over 58.3 billion by 2022. The largest sector of the global halal industry is Islamic finance with a 43 percent share of the market, followed by halal food with a 36 percent market share.
As the global market for halal foods grows, there will be increasing demand from countries that do not have the means to produce sufficient quantities of their own halal food. The leading importers of halal food in 2015 among OIC countries were Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, and United Arab Emirates, with one of the most popular imported foods being beef. Brazil was the top exporter of halal meat in that same year, followed by Australia and India.
The global region with the largest share of halal adherents was the Middle East and Africa where just under half the population follow a halal diet as of 2016. However, the country with the highest expenditure by Muslims on food and beverages was Indonesia in that same year.
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